ancient mode of production

ancient mode of production
маркс. античный [рабовладельческий\] способ производства (возникает при распаде первобытнообщинного строя и предшествует феодальному строю; характеризуется ростом производительных сил, разделением труда, экономическим обменом; столкновения племенных союзов приводят к возникновению частной собственности, неравенству, превращению плененных свободных людей в рабов, которые вместе с орудиями производства становятся собственностью своего хозяина-рабовладельца; наряду с рабами и рабовладельцами существовуют и свободные ремесленники, крестьяне и другие зависимые от рабовладельческого государства социальные группы, которые при невыполнении своих обязательств могут становиться рабами)

Англо-русский экономический словарь.

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